Ramayana Sentence Examples The Ramayana and Mahabharata afford evidence of the employment of incense by the Hindus, in the worship of the gods and the burning of the dead, from the remotest antiquity. Dramatic works exist, as also a version of the Ramayana in the first volume of the Bstodts’ogs of the Bstan-hgyur. The principal cities of India at this date were Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala at the time of the Ramayana, though it after wards gave place to Sravasti, which was one of the Capital cities. The literary documents, both in Sanskrit and Pali, dating from about the time of Buddha onwards – particularly the two epic poems, the Mahabharata and Ramayana – still show us in the main the personnel of the old pantheon; but the character of the gods has changed; they have become anthropomorphized and almost purely mythological figures. Though Siva, too, assumes various forms, the incarnation theory is peculiarly characteristic of Vaishnavism; and the fact that the principal hero of the Ramayana Rama , and one of the prominent warriors of the Mahabharata Krishna become in this way identified with the supreme god, and remain to this day the chief objects of the adoration of Vaishnava sectaries, naturally imparts to these creeds a human interest and sympathetic aspect which is wholly wanting in the worship of Siva.
The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata
The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it.
This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement— as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department—extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place.
TRUE WORLD HISTORY. DATING OF RAMAYANA. At many places in the Ramayana the description of 4 teeth elephants are found. It is ancestor of present day elephants 2 million years ago.
The text survives in several thousand partial and complete manuscripts, the oldest of which appears to date from the 11th century A. Textual scholar Robert P. Goldman differentiates two major regional recensions: Some still believe they are integral parts of the book in spite of some style differences and narrative contradictions between these two chapters and the rest of the book.
There is also a version of Ramayana, known as Ramopakhyana, found in the epic Mahabharata. This version is depicted as a narration to Yudhishtira. However, when the story moves to the Aranya Kanda and beyond, it seems to turn abruptly into fantasy with its demon-slaying hero and fantastic creatures. The geography of central and South India is increasingly vaguely described. The knowledge of the location of the island of Sri Lanka also lacks detail. Sankalia has proposed a date of the 4th century BC for the composition of the text.
Basham, however, is of the opinion that Rama may have been a minor chief who lived in the 8th or the 7th century BC. Rama is the hero of the tale. Portrayed as the seventh avatar of the God Vishnu , he is the eldest and favorite son of the King of Ayodhya, Dasharatha , and his wife Kausalya.
DATE OF RAMAYANA 5100 BCE (Post No.5100)
C Rama Exiled 29th November B. Hanuman enters Lanka 1st September B. C Hanuman meets Seeta 2nd September B. Sethu Bridge built th Oct. C The War begins 3rd November B. C Kumbhakarna is killed 7th November B.
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Background[ edit ] The Ramayana, holy revered text of Hindus , is believed by many archaeologists and historians to be a collection of stories from Hindu legend concentrating on the work of the gods in the lives of men, and was first written down, as legend states, in the forests of India by Valmiki  in the fourth century BC.
In the late first millennium, the epic was adopted by the Thai people. The oldest recordings of the early Sukhothai kingdom , dating from the thirteenth century, include stories from the Ramayana legends. The history of the legends was told in the shade theater Thai: The Thai version of the legends were first written down in the eighteenth century, during the Ayutthaya kingdom , following the demise of the Sukhothai government.
Most editions, however, were lost when the city of Ayutthaya was destroyed by armies from Burma modern Myanmar in the year The version recognized today was compiled in the Kingdom of Siam under the supervision of King Rama I — , the founder of the Chakri dynasty, which still maintains the throne of Thailand. Between the years of and , Rama I supervised the writing of the well-known edition and even wrote parts of it.
The scientific dating of the Ramayana
Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
There are also many other works termed Purana, known as ‘Upapuranas.
Valmiki: Ramayana, the epic of Rama, prince of India; (London, J. M. Dent and Co., ), also by Romesh Chunder Dutt and Book Traces Project (page images at HathiTrust; US access only).
By Sunaina Kumar “Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war? The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement– as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department–extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata.
By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place. His paper on the war’s dating will be part of a book of research on the Mahabharata that I-Serve plans to bring out later this year.
In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran geologist KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappeared, on paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to trace the approximate time of the Mahabharata. A quick search on the internet would have you believe that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data.
But consensus is hard to find. Take the case of the discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Bhatnagar’s dates are close to those of RN Iyengar, one of India’s best known civil engineers and a scholar on the history of science, who has pegged the Mahabharata at BCE.
Astronomical Dating of the Ramayan By Dr. Vartak Introduction It has been believed that there is no evidence to determine the dates of events in the Ramayanic era. Some historians of the past even refuse to acknowledge that Rama and other characters from the Ramayana even existed. However, Sage Valmiki has recorded the dates if events in detail, albeit by describing the positions of stars and planets. To decipher the astronomical encodings has not been a trivial task, and not many have attempted to do so.
It should be noted that the ancient Indians had a prefect method of time measurement.
Dating the Ramayana So how is astronomical dating done? Historian Dr P.V. Vartak says: “Sage Valmiki has recorded the dates of events in detail, albeit by describing the positions of stars and planets.
Rama is also a hero in Indonesia despite it being a Muslim country , in Thailand and in several other South East Asian countries. Without the weight of historical tradition and without the stamp of truth, the Ramayana would have been swept by the tidal waves of conquests that swept India. But there are others who argue that there is no proof Rama lived. The British and their acolytes like Max Muller were primarily responsible for the prevailing stereotypes about Indian history, religion and culture.
I wanted to know whether there is scientific dating of the ramayana and the vedas scientific proof that all the stories and events mentioned in Ramayana are exactly true or everything is just a made-up story? This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question. This is something I posted a while back in Quora.
Its evident from the facts that Sir Rama was not only an Indian legend but a global phenomenon. There can be nothing more shameful than living in India and yet denigrating one of its greatest role models. Kindly read and circulate widely on eve of the Ayodhya judgement: Nowadays, the issue of Ramsetu is highly talked about by many people. The government filed an affidavit before the Supreme Court which clearly denies the historical existence of Shri Rama on this earth.
Dating of ramayana Sri lanka believes in the astronomical dating of events dates on dating ramayana, as humanities. South east asia, january 12, , like ramayana and other dates on the life time of the astronomical dating of.
How far back in the past did the events described in the epics really take place? After a research stay at Benares Hindu University, he did original fieldwork for a doctorate on Hindu nationalism, which he obtained magna cum laude in He also published on the interface of religion and politics, correlative cosmologies, the dark side of Buddhism, the reinvention of Hinduism, technical points of Indian and Chinese philosophies, various language policy issues, Maoism, the renewed relevance of Confucius in conservatism, the increasing Asian stamp on integrating world civilization, direct democracy, the defence of threatened freedoms, and the Belgian question.
Regarding religion, he combines human sympathy with substantive skepticism. Share Write for us The dating of the Mahabharat and the Ramayan is a puzzle that refuses to yield a simple answer. Conferences after conferences have been held in India and abroad for historians to arrive at a consensus, which has remained elusive so far. Although it may interest the hobbyist historian or the lay reader only in passing, it is serious business nonetheless. For it has deep implications on the very worldview promulgated by the dominant schools of academic history.
Koenraad Elst, the Belgian historian with a phenomenal grasp of Indian and world history favours the mainstream consensus that the Mahabharata war and other historical events described in the text took place sometime in the second millennium BC. His view is based on a combination of archaeological, literary and other corroborative evidence.
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Scientific Dating of Vedic and Ramayan Era Ecological perspective History of the Holocene post last ice age deserves to be rewritten based on multi-disciplinary scientific evidences. Aryan invasion theory was propagated based on linguistic guesswork, religious hearsay and old outdated archaeological reports. Christianity has long back discarded its 18th century beliefs that world got created on 23rd October, BC, Biblical flood occurred in B.
It is almost unanimously accepted by the scholars and scientists that there have been several cycles of civilizations and that last ice age ended around B. The melting of ice caps naturally got started near the Equator, resulting in discharge of huge quantities of water which first flowed in the form of rivers in South India.
An attempt has been made to calculate the time of Ramayana and Mahabharatha, based on theastronomical data mentioned in these epics at specific events. Dr. Vartak has made a computer calculations, and established at Ramayana at B.C. and Mahabharatha at B.C. Astronomical Dating of the Ramayan.
Dwaraka of Lord Krishna, the list is more. I have posted articles on this subject. My readers are very astute and they point the fact out. My purpose is served because the readers have taken the issue seriously and have referred to the original Epics. That is my purpose of writing this Blog, especially on Hinduism and Indian Philosophy. One issue which, for quite some time has escaped scrutiny was the dating of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Some of my popular posts on Ramayana Dates were written about two years ago. Now one of the readers, Mr. Pradeep Singh caught the point when he sent in a comment. As you know that Dwarika is about yrs old per carbon dating and saraswati river carbon dating also do not infer what you are saying dates for Ramayan. I suggest you do more research and change dates. People read your views so I am concerned that many people will get wrong message. Ramayana took place in Treta Yuga.